Edited by Dylan McCormick and Jennifer A. Cascino
Review | Aug. 31 2023
- Across all academic disciplines, women hold a minority of professorships, even in those disciplines where the majority of college students is female. The percentage female at the professorship level is lower than the percentage female at the Ph.D. and college graduate levels in all disciplines.
- Many factors might contribute to women dropping out of academic careers more frequently: A lack of role models, different challenges due to parenthood, limited funding and mentorship opportunities, or implicit bias in credit giving and co-authorship.
- Universities seeking to address the leaky pipeline can choose from a plethora of strategies with varying benefits and risks.
- The leaky pipeline in academia is not exclusive to women; other historically underrepresented groups can face distinct challenges that may require different policies in order to be addressed.
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Department of Economics, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Munich, Germany